Article of Open Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health 

RHEUMATIC FEVER - A PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM

Monteiro J.P. A.1; Lemos N. D.C.B.2; Neto M. A. S.3; Anjos F. B. R.4.
1Estudante do Curso de Medicina – UPE; 2Estudante do Curso de Medicina – UFPE; 3Médico Anestesiologista Graduado na UFPE e Pós-Graduado no HC-UFPE; 4Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia – UFPE.

Abstract:
Rheumatic fever continues to be a major health hazard in most developing countries as well as sporadically in developed economies, accounting for up to 250 000 premature deaths every year and being regarded as a physical manifestation of poverty and social inequality. To enlighten the epidemiology, physiopathology and clinical symptoms of the disease, describe the current available diagnostic tests and therapies and show the impact of the rheumatic fever to the brazilian public healthcare system. This systematic literature review was built from a bibliography research of scientific papers, publications and materials available on the Internet in English and Portuguese. From this research, five essential themes were identified: epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. In the end, it was possible to notice the undeniable need to define a better control and treatment strategy, in order to reduce the social and economical impairments and mortality.

Keywords:
Rheumatic Heart Disease; Epidemiology; Rheumatic fever; Prevention of diseases; Streptococcus pyogenes

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