Article of Open Journal of Statistics and Probability 

NASAL DECONGESTANTS AND SELF-MEDICATION

Cavalcante R.M.A1; Silva J.M.H2; Henrique O.M.F3; Oliveira J.A4.
1Farmacêutica pela Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM) e Estudante de Medicina pela Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG); 2Farmacêutica pela Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM); 3Enfermeira e Especialista em Saúde Coletiva pela Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM); 4Farmacêutica especialista em Farmacologia e Docente do Curso Bacharelado em Farmácia da Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM).

Abstract:
Breathing problems that result in difficulty breathing are common and induce patients to self-medicating with decongestants. To analyze the use of nasal vasoconstrictor topics by scholars of health, identifying the most used and verifying the presence of self-medication. Study applied, descriptive and quantitative and qualitative, with application of questionnaire to students of the School Santa Maria. The population was 1883 students, after passing through simple random probability sampling calculation, the sample was composed of 319 random students in the health field, with a confidence level of 95 % required and maximum error of ± 5 % estimate. Of the participants, 73 % (233) were female, and, 69.60 % (222) were between the age group 18 to 22 years. The most widely used vasoconstrictor was naphazoline (96.74 %). As for advice, 216 participants who used or is making use, 65 % was through self-medication. It is very important that the future professionals have the knowledge about the risks that can cause nasal decongestants, thus helping to avoid self-medication, assist the correct use and reduce the population's health problems.

Keywords:
Nasal decongestants; Cheers; Respiratory system

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