Article of Open Journal of Nursing Research
NURSING ASSISTANCE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ORAL MUCOSITIS IN ONCOLOGICAL PATIENTS
Simões S.S.¹; Fonsêca P.R.2; Araújo M.A.M.³; Silva B.S.R.4; Lima E.A.R.5
1,2,3,4 Estudantes do Curso de Bacharelado em Enfermagem - UFCG; 5Docente/Pesquisador do Curso de Bacharelado em Enfermagem - UFCG.
Oral mucositis is a sequel of citoredutivo treatment induced by radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy, with signs and symptoms ranging from pain, swelling and burning sensation, to ulcerations in the oral mucosa. The nursig staff shoud be able to offer therapies that give the patient better quality of life, once because the professionals devolps closer contact with the patient and family. To analyze the scientific evidences about nursing assistence in the management of oral mucositis in oncology patientes. Integrative Review in databases LILACS, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS and BDENF with complete articles published in the last 10 years, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. It was demonstrated that nurses can provide treatments such as oral hygiene, administration of analgesics, cryotherapy, treatment of xerostomia, chlorhexidine rinses, sodium bicarbonate and other substances that promotes pain control in patients with consequent increase of quality of life. The impact of nurses' actions in improving the patient, control of oral mucositis, as well as studies that generate strong evidence for the development and / or enhancement of new nursing care are aspects to consider this issue.
Nursing; Oral Mucositis; Oncology; Therapeutics