Article of Open Journal of Maternal and Child Health 

Breastfeeding: Benefits, Preparation and Techniques

Lemos N.D.C.B1; Monteiro J.P.A2; Anjos F.B.R3
1Estudante do Curso de Medicina – UFPE; 2Estudante do Curso de Medicina - UPE, 3Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia - UFPE.

Abstract:
Breastfeeding is internationally promoted as the ideal method of infant nutrition due to its numerous benefits to mothers, children, and communities. To enlighten the benefits of breastfeeding and to investigate the influence of breastfeeding preparation and techniques on the frequencies of exclusive breastfeeding. This systematic literature review was built from a bibliography research of scientific papers, publications and materials available on the Internet in English and Portuguese. From this research, four essencial themes were identified: benefits of breastfeeding, clinical management of breastfeeding, breastfeeding preparation and techniques, pain and discomfort in the practice of breastfeeding and nipple trauma. In the end, it was possible to notice that counseling sections with the mother throughout the pregnancy and after giving birth are fundamental to the effectiveness and exclusivity of breastfeeding.

Keywords:
Breastfeeding; Infant Care; Health education; Health promotion; Lactation Disorders.

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