Article of International Journal of Disease Control and Prevention
HANSENIASIS IN PRIMARY ATTENTION, CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS
Jales, R.D1 Oliveira K.S.M2 Nunes C.E.M3 Guerra, I.F.A.C4 Azevedo T.E.S.S5 Carvalho, F.P.B6
1,2Enfermeira Pós-Graduanda em Atenção Básica/Saúde da Família e Comunidade-UERN; 3Fisioterapeuta Pós-Graduanda em Atenção Básica/Saúde da Família e Comunidade-UERN, 4Assistente Social Pós-Graduanda em Atenção Básica/Saúde da Família e Comunidade-UERN, 5Nutricionista Pós-Graduanda em Atenção Básica/Saúde da Família e Comunidade-UERN, 6Docente do Departamento de Enfermagem- UERN
From 600 a.C. I had leprosy reports what is now called Hansen's disease, infectious disease, considered a public health problem caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which reaches the cells of Schwann. Primary care is considered a form of reorientation of health care and consequently an important resource in reducing cases of leprosy. To investigate the national literature the main points addressed in the studies of the past 4 years on leprosy in primary care. Was selected as the method integrative literature review. He had the main question: what has been discussed in Brazilian literature about the disease in primary care in the last 4 years? To obtain the sample were crossed descriptors: leprosy, knowledge and primary care, with the Boolean AND operator. After the reading of selected articles was identified two categories: "epidemiological characteristics and factors contributing to the prevalence of leprosy" and "stigma caused by leprosy and possible solutions to eliminate it." It is necessary that health professionals to return attention to this disease, because the performance of the same in health promotion, prevention and treatment of disease, is an important factor in reducing the incidence rate.
Epidemiology; Knowledge; Leprosy; Primary health care; Unit family health