Article of Global Journal of Case Reports 

To enlighten many aspects associated with the long-term asthma treatment

Monteiro, J.P.A1; Lemos, N.D.C.B2; Silva Neto, M.A3; Anjos, F.B.R4.
1Estudante do Curso de Medicina – UPE; 2Estudante do Curso de Medicina – UFPE; 3Médico Anestesiologista graduado na UFPE e Pós-Graduado no HC-UFPE; 4Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia - UFPE.

Abstract:
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease defined by hyperresponsiveness of air pathways and variable limitation to air flux, which is reversible spontaneously or with treatment. To enlighten many aspects associated with the long-term asthma treatment. This systematic literature review was built from a bibliography research of scientific papers, publications and materials available on the Internet in English and Portuguese. From this research, nine essential themes were identified: β-2 adrenergic agonists, anticholinergics, inhaled corticosteroids, xanthines, monoclonal antibody, immunotherapy, leukotriene receptor antagonists and phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors. Knowledge of long-term asthma treatment is essential for the health professionals involved with this context once the consequences of bronchial remodeling can cause irreversible damage to people affected by this disease.

Keywords:
Asthma; Adrenergic Agonists; Leukotriene a ntagonists; Monoclonal Antibodies; Corticosteroids; Xanthines

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