Article of American Journal of Social Research 

Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town, Oromia Regional state

Jemal Abagissa
Addis Ababa University, Department of Public Administration and Development Management.

Abstract:
Governance is a concept more inclusive than traditional government and administration and reflects the fact that increasingly there is a much wider range of participants in these processes than was traditionally the case. The attainment of good governance is a function of effective leadership. Leadership focuses on the accomplishment of the mission and goals of particular organization where the performance of leaders is measured by the delivery of products and services to meet the needs of its customers by ensuring effectiveness, openness, accountability, and participatory decision-making. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of leadership on governance effectiveness in Dukem town. The population of this study were development team coordinators, representatives of private business organizations, and community institutions of the town. In addition, cabinet members and civil servants of the town administration were the target population for the source of data in this assessment. A total of 145 samples were selected using purposive and random sampling methods. The findings show that an underlying characteristic of a leader that results in effective and better performance was unsatisfactory. The informants argued that poor commitment is noticeable in the implementation of good governance in the town. Leaders are promoted to higher positions without being sufficiently prepared for the leadership role and with less sufficient understanding of the significance of good governance principles. In addition, lack of competence, inefficient and ineffective monitoring and evaluation system were major factors that contributed to ineffectiveness of leadership practices of the town administration. This poor achievement is manifested in poor coordination with stakeholders, rent seeking attitudes and poor commitment of the leadership and employees.

Keywords:
Governance. Leadership, Service delivery

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