Open Journal of Statistics and Probability

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Open Journal of Statistics and Probability (ISSN: 2641-4066) is an open access journal publishing research articles, review articles, editorials and letters to the editor.

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PERFIL EPIDEMIOLÓGICO DA TUBERCULOSE NA PARAÍBA

Silva, J.N.¹ Gonçalves, T.P.C.B² Silva, T.C.F³ Souto, M.L.L4 Souto, R.Q5 Alves, F.A.P6
Tuberculose (TB), doença milenar, infecciosa, crônica, causada pelo bacilo Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Afeta vários órgãos, o mais comum é o pulmão. São mais susceptíveis: Indivíduos desnutridos, etilistas crônicos, presidiários, e/ou com doença imunossupressora. Segundo a Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS), mundialmente em 2014 1,5 milhões de pessoas morreram por tuberculose. No Estado da Paraíba, os municípios prioritários para TB são: João Pessoa, Bayeux, Santa Rita, Campina Grande, Cajazeiras e Patos, necessitando de atenção. Descrever o perfil epidemiológico da tuberculose no Estado da Paraíba, no ano de 2013. Estudo ecológico, descritivo, quantitativo de dados secundários de tuberculose, coletados da base de dados do Sistema de Informações de Notificação (SINAN) da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado da Paraíba em 2013, nos meses de março a junho de 2015, disponibilizado pelo DATASUS. As variáveis foram: Ano do diagnóstico, sexo, idade, total de casos de cura, abandono de tratamento, óbito e zona de residência. Encontrou-se 1.143 novos casos de tuberculose de todas as formas clínicas, onde 679 eram bacilíferos. Os números de casos do sexo masculino foram 778 (68,07 %) e do sexo feminino 365 (31,93 %). A maioria 852 (74,54 %) tinham idade entre 20- 59 anos. Em ambos os sexos os casos de cura foram 717 (24,56 %). Abandonaram o tratamento 144 (26,23 %). Os números de óbitos foram 44 pessoas (27,33 %). A doença foi identificada em todo o território da Paraíba, mas houve maior concentração nos municípios considerados prioritários. Homens e mulheres em idades reprodutivas foram maioria nos casos de tuberculose do Estado. As metas preconizadas pela OMS de obter 85 % de cura não foi alcançada e também o número de casos apresentase elevado. Os percentuais de abandono de tratamento e óbito também são preocupantes. Espera-se que a identificação espacial feita por esta pesquisa das áreas incidentes para tuberculose no Estado da Paraíba, possa facilitar e orientar quanto necessidade de ações de planejamento para tratar todos os casos de tuberculose e diminuir ou mesmo evitar o surgimento de novos casos de tuberculose. O profissional enfermeiro possui papel crucial no diagnóstico, acompanhamento e tratamento desta doença que infelizmente ainda é negligenciada. Baseado nos achados, o enfermeiro deve investir mais no tratamento diretamente observado, na busca ativa dos casos que deixam de ir à unidade de saúde, entre outros tipos de atividades na assistência á saúde desse público.

Epidemiological Profile of Tuberculosis in Paraíba

Silva, J.N.¹ Gonçalves, T.P.C.B² Silva, T.C.F³ Souto, M.L.L4 Souto, R.Q5 Alves, F.A.P6
Tuberculosis (TB), an age-old, infectious, chronic disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus. It affects several organs, the most common is the lung. They are most susceptible: malnourished individuals, chronic alcoholics, prisoners, and / or with immunosuppressive disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), globally in 2014 1.5 million people died of tuberculosis. In the State of Paraíba, the priority municipalities for TB are: João Pessoa, Bayeux, Santa Rita, Campina Grande, Cajazeiras and Patos, needing attention. To describe the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in the State of Paraíba in 2013. Ecological, descriptive and quantitative study of secondary tuberculosis data was collected from the database of the Notification Information System (SINAN) of the Paraíba State Health Department in 2013, from March to June 2015, provided by DATASUS. The variables were year of diagnosis, sex, age, total cases of cure, abandonment of treatment, death and area of residence. There were 1,143 new cases of tuberculosis of all clinical forms, including 679 were smear-positive. The numbers of male cases were 778 (68.07%) and female 365 (31.93%). A majority of 852 (74.54%) were aged between 20-59 years. In both sexes the cases of cure were 717 (24.56%). They abandoned treatment 144 (26.23%). The number of deaths was 44 people (27.33%). The disease was identified throughout the territory of Paraíba, but there was a greater concentration in the municipalities considered priority. Men and women in reproductive ages were the majority in cases of tuberculosis in the state. The goals recommended by the WHO to achieve 85% cure were not reached and the number of cases was also high. The percentages of abandonment of treatment and death are also worrisome. It is hoped that the spatial identification made by this research of the incident areas for tuberculosis in the State of Paraíba, can facilitate and guide the need for planning actions to treat all cases of tuberculosis and to reduce or even prevent the emergence of new cases of tuberculosis . Professional nurses have a crucial role in the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of this disease which unfortunately is still neglected. Based on the findings, the nurse should invest more in the directly observed treatment, the active search for cases that fail to go to the health unit, among other types of activities in assistance to health that public.

CULTURE CIRCLES OF LEPROSY IN SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS

Couto I.M.C1; Bento M.V.B.N.S2; Lemos F.S3; Fernandes G.A.S4; Silva M.G. M.S5; Monteiro E.M.L.M6.
The Circle of Culture is characterized by dialogue, interdisciplinarity and the recovery the learn popular, considering the various subjects in its complexity, emotional, social and cultural, policy. Understand the experience by teenagers, in school, Culture Circles of Leprosy. this study it‟s type descriptive-exploratory study of qualitive approach, realised with teenagers in school 12 to 18 years, against the backdrop of two study State school of Pernambunco: Timbí School, in Camaragibe and School Teacher Leal de Barros, in Recife. The datas were collected between April and June of 2015 by semi-structured interview, using the method of the collective subject discourse. The Circles of Culture provide to the teenager in school pleasant experience to led to a systematic learning and pleasure consequente to the role of the education process. The experience provide changes of posture in curriculum subjects, in the personal life, in the family and in the community, multiplying knowledge seized. The Circles of Culture stimulated the autonomy to of school teenager to act in aid of the community in building skills, abilities and attitudes that contributed to the full exercise of life recognizing its role as being active, conscious critical, social worker of change.

Epidemiological Profile of Tuberculosis in Paraíba

Silva, J.N.¹ Gonçalves, T.P.C.B² Silva, T.C.F³ Souto, M.L.L4 Souto, R.Q5 Alves, F.A.P6
Tuberculosis (TB), an age-old, infectious, chronic disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus. It affects several organs, the most common is the lung. They are most susceptible: malnourished individuals, chronic alcoholics, prisoners, and / or with immunosuppressive disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), globally in 2014 1.5 million people died of tuberculosis. In the State of Paraíba, the priority municipalities for TB are: João Pessoa, Bayeux, Santa Rita, Campina Grande, Cajazeiras and Patos, needing attention. To describe the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in the State of Paraíba in 2013. Ecological, descriptive and quantitative study of secondary tuberculosis data was collected from the database of the Notification Information System (SINAN) of the Paraíba State Health Department in 2013, from March to June 2015, provided by DATASUS. The variables were year of diagnosis, sex, age, total cases of cure, abandonment of treatment, death and area of residence. There were 1,143 new cases of tuberculosis of all clinical forms, including 679 were smear-positive. The numbers of male cases were 778 (68.07%) and female 365 (31.93%). A majority of 852 (74.54%) were aged between 20-59 years. In both sexes the cases of cure were 717 (24.56%). They abandoned treatment 144 (26.23%). The number of deaths was 44 people (27.33%). The disease was identified throughout the territory of Paraíba, but there was a greater concentration in the municipalities considered priority. Men and women in reproductive ages were the majority in cases of tuberculosis in the state. The goals recommended by the WHO to achieve 85% cure were not reached and the number of cases was also high. The percentages of abandonment of treatment and death are also worrisome. It is hoped that the spatial identification made by this research of the incident areas for tuberculosis in the State of Paraíba, can facilitate and guide the need for planning actions to treat all cases of tuberculosis and to reduce or even prevent the emergence of new cases of tuberculosis . Professional nurses have a crucial role in the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of this disease which unfortunately is still neglected. Based on the findings, the nurse should invest more in the directly observed treatment, the active search for cases that fail to go to the health unit, among other types of activities in assistance to health that public.