International Journal of Psychology and Health

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International Journal of Psychology and Health (ISSN:2641-3345) is an open access journal publishing research articles, review articles, editorials and letters to the editor.

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PSYCHOSOCIAL STUDY OF PEOPLE WITH LEPROSY

Monteiro M.C.G1; Monteiro T.A.S2; T.L.E3; Neto L.W.M.C.S4; Bezerra D.G5; Teixeira V.P.G6.
Leprosy is a stigmatized disease in different cultures, raising thus further physical, psychological and social suffering. Therefore, treatment for such people to be fully considering such aspects. To promote psychosocial assistance to a group of patients, the Self-Care project and to highlight the importance of this treatment. Through a monthly meeting for a year were performed dynamic and wheels talks to establish therapeutic and interventional moments. The project provided comprehensive assistance to a small sample in a UBS, and found a significant improvement of patients when seen in their various perspectives. Showing no clinical complications or relapses. The study revealed that leprosy also directly affects other aspects that not only physical, such as psychosocial. So, we need to modify the way to combat leprosy starting with the available treatment model, enabling health teams, creating awareness campaigns, prevention and early diagnosis, establishing public policies for social reintegration and income generation, providing educational measures to harass prejudice and quality of life for patients.

DEPRESSION AS A PRIMARY FACTOR FOR SUICIDE OCCURRENCE IN ELDERLY

Teixeira G.C1; Zacarias L.A.B2; Bringel M.C.F3; Silva M.L.Z4; Santos R.A.A5; Maia C.S6.
Suicide is considered a concerning health issue worldwide, accounting for about one million deaths per year and affects mostly older people. In this age group, although other factors, such as alcoholism, it is clear that the manifestations of depression have inseparably linked to the cases of suicide, as quoted by relatives or people nearby. The main purpose was to demonstrate the intrinsic relationship between depression and its manifestations with cases of suicide reported in cases where the object of study is the elderly. This is a literature review made by searching into the database Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), Medical Publications (PubMed), Latin American Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Articles from 2010 to 2016 were used. In view of the depression being the leading cause of suicide among the elderly, actions are necessary to improve the quality of life in this population and thus reduce rates of attempted suicide and concrete act. it was noted that the literature on the intrinsic relationship between depression and suicide in the elderly is very scarce, so more research is needed in this area and also awareness of society.

Instruments for Personality Disorders evaluation

Menezes A.C.S1; Oliveira J.Q2; Sá L.A3; Guimarães L.A.C4; Andrade J.M5
It is offered tools for the assessment of psychological constructs, such as the personality and its disorders, to Mental Health Professionals. Thus, it is pertinent to analyze which instruments / scales have been constructed and available for clinical use and research. Therefore, this study aimed to consult national and international literature about the instruments for Personality Disorders evaluation. Relevant databases were consulted in the area, and the search was restricted to the last 5 years of publication. It has been observed that, of the 14 instruments found, 2 assessed the TP borderline, 5 assessed the TP Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (two with the Portuguese version) and 6 instruments focused on the assessment of all TP groups, and three measures validated for the Brazilian context. One was built in Brazil in 2008 (with psychometric properties verified in 2011) and the other in 2016. This data is consistent with the evidence of lack of instruments to assess pathological personality and those with diagnostic disorders personality purposes in the national context.

ASPECTS OF STRESS AND ANXIETY IN CHILDREN AND THE POSSIBILITY OF THERAPY WITH REIKI

Silva, F.F.L1, Narciso, M.L1, Silva, W.M.V2 Pedrosa, J.V.C2 Santos, D.F2, Silva, E.V3, Anjos, F.B.R4
The word therapy means, treatment of a pathology, and for this purpose reiki arises, as a complementary therapy, within a vast field of several other therapies. The objective of this study was to trace an emotional profile of stress and anxiety among children aged 8 to 13 years, who are members of the NGO in the community of Bode. For this, semi-directional and cross-sectional questionnaires were used, which showed a high level of stress and anxiety, but did not reach the exhaustion and severity phase, respectively. Outcome of stress resistance and the moderate level of anxiety were the categories that had the highest percentages of children. In view of the above, it is worrying the picture presented in such young people, in this context, reiki would be a great help tool, since this technique provides well-being and harmonization, as well as improving the energetic levels of the patient who is benefiting from this method.

DEPRESSION AS A PRIMARY FACTOR FOR SUICIDE OCCURRENCE IN ELDERLY

Teixeira G.C1; Zacarias L.A.B2; Bringel M.C.F3; Silva M.L.Z4; Santos R.A.A5; Maia C.S6.
Suicide is considered a concerning health issue worldwide, accounting for about one million deaths per year and affects mostly older people. In this age group, although other factors, such as alcoholism, it is clear that the manifestations of depression have inseparably linked to the cases of suicide, as quoted by relatives or people nearby. The main purpose was to demonstrate the intrinsic relationship between depression and its manifestations with cases of suicide reported in cases where the object of study is the elderly. This is a literature review made by searching into the database Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), Medical Publications (PubMed), Latin American Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Articles from 2010 to 2016 were used. In view of the depression being the leading cause of suicide among the elderly, actions are necessary to improve the quality of life in this population and thus reduce rates of attempted suicide and concrete act. it was noted that the literature on the intrinsic relationship between depression and suicide in the elderly is very scarce, so more research is needed in this area and also awareness of society.

SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EM PROFESSORES E FUNCIONÁRIOS DE UMA INSTITUIÇÃO PARTICULAR DE ENSINO DE RECIFE-PE

Pereira A.B.N.L1, Tavares K.F.L2, Cavalcanti A.K.M3, Gonçalves A.M.S4, Paiva G.S5, Paiva M.F.S6.
O stress pode ser entendido como um conjunto de transformações vivenciadas por um organismo mediante a uma situação ou a exposição a um agente especifico, podendo estar diretamente correlacionado aos aspectos físicos e emocionais. O stress ocupacional ocorre quando o trabalho é executado de forma excessiva acarretando problemas psicossociais, tais como a Síndrome de Burnout, que é uma patologia produzida pelo acúmulo de stress relacionado ao trabalho. Objetivo: identificar as principais causas de stress ocupacional vivenciadas por profissionais e funcionários de uma instituição particular de ensino. descritivo e exploratório com a abordagem quantitativa. A pesquisa foi realizada em uma Instituição particular de ensino localizada em Recife-PE. Os instrumentos utilizados na coleta de dados foram o Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) e um questionário para variáveis sóciodemográficas e análise de alguns pontos bioéticos. Foram entrevistados 10 professores e 22 funcionários com faixa etária de 18 a 65 anos, do sexo masculino e feminino. Dos professores entrevistados, 70 % apresentaram esgotamento emocional e preocupação com o bem-estar físico e emocional e 100 % se sentiam cansados ao final do dia. Dos funcionários entrevistados, 66 % se sentiam cansados ao final do expediente. No aspecto interpessoal, 90,4 % referiram falta de energia. Os resultados apontam que há considerável nível de exaustão emocional vivenciado pelos professores e funcionários nesta instituição, o que denota o cansaço laboral e esgotamento emocional, além da falta de disposição e exaustão. Constatou-se que o stress ocupacional é um agravante no desempenho profissional e psicossocial do trabalhador. Sugere-se a realização de pesquisas com um maior número de sujeitos a respeito da Síndrome de Burnout, como também um programa de trabalho nas Instituições com uma equipe multidisciplinar com foco nas atividades laborais e relações interpessoais, a fim de minimizar conflitos e desgastes emocionais visando uma melhor qualidade de vida.

ASPECTS OF STRESS AND ANXIETY IN CHILDREN AND THE POSSIBILITY OF THERAPY WITH REIKI

Silva, F.F.L1, Narciso, M.L1, Silva, W.M.V2 Pedrosa, J.V.C2 Santos, D.F2, Silva, E.V3, Anjos, F.B.R4
The word therapy means, treatment of a pathology, and for this purpose reiki arises, as a complementary therapy, within a vast field of several other therapies. The objective of this study was to trace an emotional profile of stress and anxiety among children aged 8 to 13 years, who are members of the NGO in the community of Bode. For this, semi-directional and cross-sectional questionnaires were used, which showed a high level of stress and anxiety, but did not reach the exhaustion and severity phase, respectively. Outcome of stress resistance and the moderate level of anxiety were the categories that had the highest percentages of children. In view of the above, it is worrying the picture presented in such young people, in this context, reiki would be a great help tool, since this technique provides well-being and harmonization, as well as improving the energetic levels of the patient who is benefiting from this method.

PSYCHOLOGICAL ACTION IN THE CARDIAC TRANSPLANTATION

Ferreira, N.M1, Rodrigues, W.M.R2, Oliveira Osório, M.O3, Albuquerque, E.N4, Accioly, C.C5, Behar, J.N.P6
Cardiac diseases interfere in the quality of life of the patient, above all, in conditions to receive indication of cardiac transplantation. Waiting for the transplant, generates psychological repercussions in the patient, who experiences demotivation, feeling of impotence, hopelessness, depression and anxiety. In view of this situation, it is evident the importance of having the presence of the psychologist in the heart transplant team. To report the performance of the psychology trainee in all stages of the follow-up of a heart transplant. Experience report. Given the complexity and diversity of demands, the practice of the psychologist in the context of heart transplantation in General Hospital can occur throughout the different phases of the treatment, from the identification of the need for surgery to follow-up after hospital discharge, with psychological evaluation, preparation and psychological support to patients and their families, as well as psychotherapeutic follow-up when necessary. Psychological repercussions on the patient and their relatives in heart transplantation are evident, which reinforces the need for psychological care to face each stage of this process and favor adherence to treatment.