International Journal of Food and Agriculture

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American Journal of Social Research (ISSN:2641-3302) is an open access journal publishing research articles, review articles, editorials and letters to the editor.

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Analysis of the Techniques and Tactics of Taiwan’s “Rookie” Lin Junru

Hongyang Qiu
Nowadays, the world table tennis world has formed a situation in which the world is playing against China, and Chinese table tennis has occupied a dominant position in the world. The status of table tennis hegemony in various countries is even more eye-catching, especially in Asian countries. The rise of the new batch of players has also made us feel the sense of crisis. In particular, the Taiwanese rookie Lin Gnome has been very eye-catching in recent times. He has defeated the Japanese genius Lin Gnome, Lin Gaoyuan and other outstanding players. Therefore, we selected Lin’s video of recent competitions and analyzed the skills and tactics of Lin Shuru through three periods of statistics.

Education Lecturers’ Perception and Attitude towards Massive Open Online Courses Attitude of School Administrators in Niger State, Nigeria

FALODE, Oluwole Caleb, Usman, Zaliha Ndatsu, Ilufoye Timothy Olawale & Awoyemi, Idowu David
This study investigated the perception and attitude of education lecturers towards Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in institutions of higher learning within Niger State, Nigeria. The influence of gender was also examined. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and 138 participants were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Four research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study, and a 14-item questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The questionnaire was subjected to both validation and reliability checks. Data gathered from the administration of the instrument were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test statistics. A decision rule was set, in which, a mean score of 3.0 and above was considered Agreed (positive perception/attitude) while a mean score below 3.0 was considered Disagreed (negative perception/attitude). Findings revealed that lecturers’ perception and attitude towards massive open online courses were positive with cumulative mean scores of 4.07 and 4.03 out of possible 5.0. Also, gender as a moderating variable, had influence on lecturers’ perception and attitude towards MOOCs. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that education lecturers should be encouraged to participate in MOOCs in order to update their knowledge and skills. This can be achieved through the provision of enabling work environment such as internet wi-fi and learning tools that support synchronous and asynchronous online learning and by recognizing relevant certificates obtained through MOOCs during staff promotion exercise.

Conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination in Electronic Mode: Preparedness and Attitude of School Administrators in Niger State, Nigeria

FALODE, Oluwole Caleb (Ph. D) & AYODELE, Akinbowale Dele
This study was carried out to ascertain the preparedness and attitude of school administrators in Niger State towards conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) in electronic mode. Descriptive survey research design was adopted and the sample for the study comprised 300 school administrators from 150 (75 public and 75 private) secondary schools in Niger State. A combination of purposive, proportionate stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select respondents for this study. Researchers-designed questionnaire that was divided into section A, B and C was used to collect data on demographic profiles, attitude and preparedness respectively. Using Cronbach alpha formula, the reliability coefficients of the questionnaire for sections B and C were 0.89 and 0.96 respectively. The collected data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test statistics. Two research questions were answered and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The results revealed that school administrators in Niger State have positive attitude towards conduct of SSCE in electronic mode, but are not fully prepared for it. It also was discovered that while attitudes of school administrators do not differ based on school type, significant difference exists in the level of preparedness for conduct of SSCE in electronic mode. Hence, it was recommended among others that appropriate governments, non-governmental agencies and school administrators should place more priority on making provision for adequate basic facilities in terms of human and materials needed for effective and efficient e-exams system particularly in the public schools.

Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town, Oromia Regional state

Jemal Abagissa
Governance is a concept more inclusive than traditional government and administration and reflects the fact that increasingly there is a much wider range of participants in these processes than was traditionally the case. The attainment of good governance is a function of effective leadership. Leadership focuses on the accomplishment of the mission and goals of particular organization where the performance of leaders is measured by the delivery of products and services to meet the needs of its customers by ensuring effectiveness, openness, accountability, and participatory decision-making. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of leadership on governance effectiveness in Dukem town. The population of this study were development team coordinators, representatives of private business organizations, and community institutions of the town. In addition, cabinet members and civil servants of the town administration were the target population for the source of data in this assessment. A total of 145 samples were selected using purposive and random sampling methods. The findings show that an underlying characteristic of a leader that results in effective and better performance was unsatisfactory. The informants argued that poor commitment is noticeable in the implementation of good governance in the town. Leaders are promoted to higher positions without being sufficiently prepared for the leadership role and with less sufficient understanding of the significance of good governance principles. In addition, lack of competence, inefficient and ineffective monitoring and evaluation system were major factors that contributed to ineffectiveness of leadership practices of the town administration. This poor achievement is manifested in poor coordination with stakeholders, rent seeking attitudes and poor commitment of the leadership and employees.
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Analysis of the Techniques and Tactics of Taiwan’s “Rookie” Lin Junru

Hongyang Qiu
Nowadays, the world table tennis world has formed a situation in which the world is playing against China, and Chinese table tennis has occupied a dominant position in the world. The status of table tennis hegemony in various countries is even more eye-catching, especially in Asian countries. The rise of the new batch of players has also made us feel the sense of crisis. In particular, the Taiwanese rookie Lin Gnome has been very eye-catching in recent times. He has defeated the Japanese genius Lin Gnome, Lin Gaoyuan and other outstanding players. Therefore, we selected Lin’s video of recent competitions and analyzed the skills and tactics of Lin Shuru through three periods of statistics.

LIGA ACADÊMICA DE FONOAUDIOLOGIA HOSPITALAR: OPORTUNIDADE PARA ATUAÇÃO INTERPROFISSIONAL

Carvalho D.S1; Pinheiro N.S²; Nunes R.A³; Santos T.M.V4; Cruz T.B5; Santana M.C.C.P6
A formação em saúde exige dos acadêmicos um amadurecimento da visão do paciente como um ser humano complexo, que interage com o meio e é influenciado por este. A fonoaudiologia hospitalar está se expandindo e, consequentemente, tornando-se inegável a necessidade do aprimoramento profissional, com o propósito de embasamento para realização de suas intervenções. A extensão universitária possibilita a formação do profissional cidadão e se credencia, cada vez mais, junto à sociedade como espaço privilegiado de produção do conhecimento significativo. Apresentar a Liga Acadêmica de Fonoaudiologia Hospitalar (LAFH), que tem o propósito de contribuir para uma formação em saúde que possibilite ao estudante e ao profissional da Fonoaudiologia atuar, na área hospitalar, no âmbito da integralidade do cuidado interprofissional. A LAFH, cadastrada na Pró-Reitoria de Extensão de uma universidade pública estadual de Alagoas, tem supervisão docente de uma fonoaudióloga de um hospital público do estado desse estado. É constituída por membros com suas devidas atribuições. Suas atividades tiveram início no primeiro semestre de 2016, com a execução do curso introdutório e reuniões destinadas, especialmente, ao planejamento colaborativo. No segundo semestre do ano, foram realizados cursos teórico-práticos, reuniões científicas e parcerias para execução de ações extensionistas em unidades hospitalares. A LAFH está contribuindo na formação acadêmica dos membros, no âmbito dos propósitos da extensão universitária, com ações externas e com práticas em hospitais vinculados à instituição, além de reuniões teóricas quinzenais. O planejamento e execução de atividades da Liga possibilitou aos membros a vivência da prática interprofissional, apontada pela Organização Mundial da Saúde como uma estratégia inovadora, que favorece a efetivação da prática colaborativa.

Conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination in Electronic Mode: Preparedness and Attitude of School Administrators in Niger State, Nigeria

FALODE, Oluwole Caleb (Ph. D) & AYODELE, Akinbowale Dele
This study was carried out to ascertain the preparedness and attitude of school administrators in Niger State towards conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) in electronic mode. Descriptive survey research design was adopted and the sample for the study comprised 300 school administrators from 150 (75 public and 75 private) secondary schools in Niger State. A combination of purposive, proportionate stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select respondents for this study. Researchers-designed questionnaire that was divided into section A, B and C was used to collect data on demographic profiles, attitude and preparedness respectively. Using Cronbach alpha formula, the reliability coefficients of the questionnaire for sections B and C were 0.89 and 0.96 respectively. The collected data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test statistics. Two research questions were answered and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The results revealed that school administrators in Niger State have positive attitude towards conduct of SSCE in electronic mode, but are not fully prepared for it. It also was discovered that while attitudes of school administrators do not differ based on school type, significant difference exists in the level of preparedness for conduct of SSCE in electronic mode. Hence, it was recommended among others that appropriate governments, non-governmental agencies and school administrators should place more priority on making provision for adequate basic facilities in terms of human and materials needed for effective and efficient e-exams system particularly in the public schools.

Assessing the Role of Non-governmental Organization in Community Development in Hidhabu Abote District the Case of World Vision Ethiopia

Katama Joro Ayane
Non-governmental organizations /NGOs/ as LED actors contribute in promotion of education in developing countries. The collaboration and networking in Promoting education between NGOs, the government organs and other actors are not often assessed scientifically. The objective of this study is to assessing the Role of NGOs in Education sector in Hidhabu Abote District the Case of World Vision Ethiopia. To finalize it, the research method employed was descriptive study. Survey questionnaire was used to gather the relevant quantitative data. The qualitative data were gathered through semi-structure interviews, focus group discussion and personal observations. The collected data were descriptively analyzed. WVE, is contributing in education programs, child sponsorship and in the areas of WASH and livelihoods. It also involves in environment protection strategies but not with good results. The study concludes with the recommendation that substantive networking and collaboration is needed between the NGOs and local/Woreda government at one hand and awareness creation of education for the community on the other hand.
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