International Journal of Food and Agriculture

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American Journal of Social Research (ISSN:2641-3302) is an open access journal publishing research articles, review articles, editorials and letters to the editor.

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Analysis of the Techniques and Tactics of Taiwan’s “Rookie” Lin Junru

Hongyang Qiu
Nowadays, the world table tennis world has formed a situation in which the world is playing against China, and Chinese table tennis has occupied a dominant position in the world. The status of table tennis hegemony in various countries is even more eye-catching, especially in Asian countries. The rise of the new batch of players has also made us feel the sense of crisis. In particular, the Taiwanese rookie Lin Gnome has been very eye-catching in recent times. He has defeated the Japanese genius Lin Gnome, Lin Gaoyuan and other outstanding players. Therefore, we selected Lin’s video of recent competitions and analyzed the skills and tactics of Lin Shuru through three periods of statistics.

Education Lecturers’ Perception and Attitude towards Massive Open Online Courses Attitude of School Administrators in Niger State, Nigeria

FALODE, Oluwole Caleb, Usman, Zaliha Ndatsu, Ilufoye Timothy Olawale & Awoyemi, Idowu David
This study investigated the perception and attitude of education lecturers towards Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in institutions of higher learning within Niger State, Nigeria. The influence of gender was also examined. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and 138 participants were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Four research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study, and a 14-item questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The questionnaire was subjected to both validation and reliability checks. Data gathered from the administration of the instrument were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test statistics. A decision rule was set, in which, a mean score of 3.0 and above was considered Agreed (positive perception/attitude) while a mean score below 3.0 was considered Disagreed (negative perception/attitude). Findings revealed that lecturers’ perception and attitude towards massive open online courses were positive with cumulative mean scores of 4.07 and 4.03 out of possible 5.0. Also, gender as a moderating variable, had influence on lecturers’ perception and attitude towards MOOCs. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that education lecturers should be encouraged to participate in MOOCs in order to update their knowledge and skills. This can be achieved through the provision of enabling work environment such as internet wi-fi and learning tools that support synchronous and asynchronous online learning and by recognizing relevant certificates obtained through MOOCs during staff promotion exercise.

Conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination in Electronic Mode: Preparedness and Attitude of School Administrators in Niger State, Nigeria

FALODE, Oluwole Caleb (Ph. D) & AYODELE, Akinbowale Dele
This study was carried out to ascertain the preparedness and attitude of school administrators in Niger State towards conduct of Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) in electronic mode. Descriptive survey research design was adopted and the sample for the study comprised 300 school administrators from 150 (75 public and 75 private) secondary schools in Niger State. A combination of purposive, proportionate stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select respondents for this study. Researchers-designed questionnaire that was divided into section A, B and C was used to collect data on demographic profiles, attitude and preparedness respectively. Using Cronbach alpha formula, the reliability coefficients of the questionnaire for sections B and C were 0.89 and 0.96 respectively. The collected data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test statistics. Two research questions were answered and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The results revealed that school administrators in Niger State have positive attitude towards conduct of SSCE in electronic mode, but are not fully prepared for it. It also was discovered that while attitudes of school administrators do not differ based on school type, significant difference exists in the level of preparedness for conduct of SSCE in electronic mode. Hence, it was recommended among others that appropriate governments, non-governmental agencies and school administrators should place more priority on making provision for adequate basic facilities in terms of human and materials needed for effective and efficient e-exams system particularly in the public schools.

Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town, Oromia Regional state

Jemal Abagissa
Governance is a concept more inclusive than traditional government and administration and reflects the fact that increasingly there is a much wider range of participants in these processes than was traditionally the case. The attainment of good governance is a function of effective leadership. Leadership focuses on the accomplishment of the mission and goals of particular organization where the performance of leaders is measured by the delivery of products and services to meet the needs of its customers by ensuring effectiveness, openness, accountability, and participatory decision-making. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of leadership on governance effectiveness in Dukem town. The population of this study were development team coordinators, representatives of private business organizations, and community institutions of the town. In addition, cabinet members and civil servants of the town administration were the target population for the source of data in this assessment. A total of 145 samples were selected using purposive and random sampling methods. The findings show that an underlying characteristic of a leader that results in effective and better performance was unsatisfactory. The informants argued that poor commitment is noticeable in the implementation of good governance in the town. Leaders are promoted to higher positions without being sufficiently prepared for the leadership role and with less sufficient understanding of the significance of good governance principles. In addition, lack of competence, inefficient and ineffective monitoring and evaluation system were major factors that contributed to ineffectiveness of leadership practices of the town administration. This poor achievement is manifested in poor coordination with stakeholders, rent seeking attitudes and poor commitment of the leadership and employees.
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A Study on the Participation of Social Work in the Refinement of the Social Governance

Juan Li
After years of political and economic system reform and rapid conomic evelopment, profound changes have taken place in the social structure and pople's way of life in our country. At the same time, with the continuous deepening of the social transformation in China, the contradiction between the growing needs of the people for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development has deepened, so it is urgent to innovate the social governance model, means and contents. Social work plays a unique role in the process of participating in social governance, and its role is outstanding in the refinement of social governance. By using the method of literature research and combining with the experience of social work first-line service, this paper probes into the agreement between social work and social governance, the inevitable trend of social work participation in social governance refinement and the new requirements for social work by social governance refinement, and finally puts forward the path of social work participation in social governance refinement development: service refinement promotes governance refinement and constructs a new pattern of co-governance sharing.

Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town, Oromia Regional state

Jemal Abagissa
Governance is a concept more inclusive than traditional government and administration and reflects the fact that increasingly there is a much wider range of participants in these processes than was traditionally the case. The attainment of good governance is a function of effective leadership. Leadership focuses on the accomplishment of the mission and goals of particular organization where the performance of leaders is measured by the delivery of products and services to meet the needs of its customers by ensuring effectiveness, openness, accountability, and participatory decision-making. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of leadership on governance effectiveness in Dukem town. The population of this study were development team coordinators, representatives of private business organizations, and community institutions of the town. In addition, cabinet members and civil servants of the town administration were the target population for the source of data in this assessment. A total of 145 samples were selected using purposive and random sampling methods. The findings show that an underlying characteristic of a leader that results in effective and better performance was unsatisfactory. The informants argued that poor commitment is noticeable in the implementation of good governance in the town. Leaders are promoted to higher positions without being sufficiently prepared for the leadership role and with less sufficient understanding of the significance of good governance principles. In addition, lack of competence, inefficient and ineffective monitoring and evaluation system were major factors that contributed to ineffectiveness of leadership practices of the town administration. This poor achievement is manifested in poor coordination with stakeholders, rent seeking attitudes and poor commitment of the leadership and employees.

RELIGIOSIDADE EM PESSOAS VIVENDO COM HIV/AIDS

Andrade I.K.L1, Pinho C.M2, Beltrão R.A3, Quirino E.M.B4, Araújo A.C.M5, Andrade M.S6
Religiosidade é tudo aquilo que o indivíduo acredita, segue e pratica, se subdividindo em religiosidade organizacional: refere-se à frequência a encontros religiosos (por exemplo: missas, cultos, grupos de estudos ou de oração etc.); não organizacional: que está ligada a frequência de atividades religiosas privadas (por exemplo: orações, meditação, leitura de textos religiosos, ouvir ou assistir programas religiosos na TV etc.) e intrínseca está relacionado à busca de internalização e vivência plena da religiosidade como principal objetivo do indivíduo. Avaliar as dimensões de religiosidade em pessoas vivendo com HIV/aids (PVHA). Trata-se de um estudo transversal com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em um ambulatório de referência em HIV/Aids do Recife-PE, entre junho a novembro de 2015. A amostra foi composta por 52 PVHA, predominantemente formada pelo sexo masculino (35; 67,3 %), com menos de 50 anos (33; 63,5 %), solteiros (75,0 %), procedentes da região metropolitana (23; 44,2 %). A maioria era aposentada (19; 36,5 %) ou assalariado (17; 32,7 %), com renda de até 1,5 salários mínimos (36; 69,2 %), sem filhos (23; 44,2 %), viviam com diagnóstico há 9,92±6,34 anos e em uso de terapia antirretroviral há 8,47±5,72 anos. A principal filiação religiosa foi à igreja católica (22; 42,3 %) e evangélicas (19; 36,5 %), sendo apenas um ateu (1,9 %). A amostra apresentou elevadas religiosidades organizacional (4,23±1,66), não organizacional (4,63±1,50) e intrínseca (13,13±2,84). A religiosidade organizacional não teve associação significativa com nenhuma variável sociodemográfica testada, nem com o tempo diagnóstico. As dimensões não organizacional e a intrínseca teve associação fraca a moderada com a idade (p=0,037; p=0,028). Torna-se relevante que profissionais de saúde reconheçam a importância de encorajar atividades religiosas no âmbito da saúde, visto serem mecanismos que podem ajudar na melhoria da qualidade de vida.

Analysis of the Techniques and Tactics of Taiwan’s “Rookie” Lin Junru

Hongyang Qiu
Nowadays, the world table tennis world has formed a situation in which the world is playing against China, and Chinese table tennis has occupied a dominant position in the world. The status of table tennis hegemony in various countries is even more eye-catching, especially in Asian countries. The rise of the new batch of players has also made us feel the sense of crisis. In particular, the Taiwanese rookie Lin Gnome has been very eye-catching in recent times. He has defeated the Japanese genius Lin Gnome, Lin Gaoyuan and other outstanding players. Therefore, we selected Lin’s video of recent competitions and analyzed the skills and tactics of Lin Shuru through three periods of statistics.
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