Advances in Oncology Research

Open Access Journal
Advances in Oncology Research (ISSN:2641-3272) is an open access journal publishing research articles, review articles, editorials and letters to the editor.

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To keep the quality of journal, all submission will be peer-reviewed by invited experts. The decisions will be made according to the comments of reviewers.

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Initial decision: 3 days without review, 28 days with review; Time to publication: Accepted articles will be online in 3 days; Final versions after proofreading will be accessible in 8 days.

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To describe the contributions of the population about prevention practice of dengue

Souza M.O1; Lucena A.K.O.S2, Monteiro M.C.G3, Reis R.P4, Bezerra D.G5, Teixeira V.P.G6
Dengue is the world's most important arboviral disease in terms of number of people affected ans is transmited by mosquitoes Aedes Aegypti. The main strategy for epidemic prevention and control is population behavior in the prevetion and insecticide fumigation. The following study aims to describe the contributions of the population about prevention practice of dengue. This is a descritive research. Studies of any design published from 2012 to 2016 avaliable in english, portuguese and spanish were included. The survey was conducted in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Six articles were found that match the elegible criterias. In accord to them, it was realized that the Brazilian population has a slouch behavior in practice prevention of mosquito outbreaks, providing opportunities that the mosquito prolife, and not getting success in disease control. This may occur because of poor infrastructure conditions in most cities, as well as the lack of preventive actions both private and public initiative. It was clear that the Brazilian population needs to engage in preventive actions related to dengue, but also charge more effective action of public policies to assist them in combating the proliferation of the mosquitoe.

To analyze the effect of melatonin on liver of rats induced by streptozotocin diabetes

Silva G.S.F1; Andrade F.L2, Melo I3, Maia C.S4; Tenorio B.M5, Tenório F.C.A.M6
Hyperglycemia is the main feature of a group of metabolic diseases called diabetes mellitus. The pathophysiology of diabetes is directly related to pancreas and liver that is responsible for absorbing nutrients. To analyze the effect of melatonin on liver of rats induced by streptozotocin diabetes. The induction of diabetes was obtained by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and test to confirm diabetes was carried out during 3 and 7 days after application. The melatonin treatment was performed at a dose of 200 μg/100g of animal body weight by injection. Morphometry was performed from a graduated graticule in the same points where focused on the liver of the rats in each group located. morphometric, livers showed no significant differences. Research suggests that melatonin acts indirectly by altering the secretion of insulin. Therefore, it was concluded that melatonin may play a role in the effective treatment of diabetes, as can arrive to reduce liver damage caused by morbidity caused by streptozotocin.

PAPANICOLAU EXAMINATION IN WOMEN ASSISTED IN PUBLIC MATERNITY OF RECIFE

Mendonça, K.G1 Brandão, M.T1 Cedrim, M.R2 Anjos, F.B.R3 Ferreira Neto, J4. Jimenez, G.C4 Bastos, D.M.S4
In a large part of the population, pap smears are still the primary tool for screening cervical lesions. Cancer of the cervix is the third most frequent tumor in the female population. This study aims to make a survey about the performance of the examination in postpartum women, as well as to identify the profile of the incidence of this information pathology and the importance of the Pap smear for women's health in relation to prevention and their Consequences. Between September and November, the study evaluated the incidence profile of the Pap smear test in the city of Recife in women aged 16-35 years, identifying the periodicity of the test. Of the women who had done the exam, 75 % did so at the intersection of 1 to 3 years, this percentage should not be considered alarming if compared to the number of pregnant women in the research, but there is a need to return the attention to these Women of childbearing age. The interviewees commented on the difficulties of access to hospital networks because of distance, also for socioeconomic and cultural reasons.

Biofeedback as an Alternative for Pain Treatment in Cancer Patients

Silva, E.A.D1; Silva, M.V.D2; Melo, C.L3; Silva, N.R.4; Maia, C.S5.
Cancer is a disease with a high mortality rate worldwide. In Brazil, cancer is currently the second leading cause of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers pain associated with neoplasias as a global medical emergency, since the experience of pain is the most frequently reported symptom and the management of this symptom based on pharmacology has limitations, biofeedback arises as an alternative to pharmacological treatment of cancer patients. To expose biofeedback as a therapeutic tool in the treatment of cancer pain. 11 publications were selected published between 2012 and 2016, located through the DeCS: "Biofeedback", "Cancer", "Treatment", "Pain". Biofeedback associated with cognitive/behavioral treatment exhibits positive results in lung cancer patients, decreasing pain levels and improving quality of life. It also influences advanced cancer patients through electromyography (EMG), stress levels, respiration and heart rate, as well as being a tool in mind/body treatment with neurofeedback. Biofeedback is a new and highly promising tool. The results obtained are positive, but there is a need for further studies.

To describe the contributions of the population about prevention practice of dengue

Souza M.O1; Lucena A.K.O.S2, Monteiro M.C.G3, Reis R.P4, Bezerra D.G5, Teixeira V.P.G6
Dengue is the world's most important arboviral disease in terms of number of people affected ans is transmited by mosquitoes Aedes Aegypti. The main strategy for epidemic prevention and control is population behavior in the prevetion and insecticide fumigation. The following study aims to describe the contributions of the population about prevention practice of dengue. This is a descritive research. Studies of any design published from 2012 to 2016 avaliable in english, portuguese and spanish were included. The survey was conducted in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Six articles were found that match the elegible criterias. In accord to them, it was realized that the Brazilian population has a slouch behavior in practice prevention of mosquito outbreaks, providing opportunities that the mosquito prolife, and not getting success in disease control. This may occur because of poor infrastructure conditions in most cities, as well as the lack of preventive actions both private and public initiative. It was clear that the Brazilian population needs to engage in preventive actions related to dengue, but also charge more effective action of public policies to assist them in combating the proliferation of the mosquitoe.

NEOPLASIAS INTRACRANIANAS E OS CUIDADOS DA ENFERMAGEM

Queiroz E.P1; Santana J.C1; Barbosa L.M.S1; Maia C.S2.
Os tumores intracranianos representam cerca de 2 % de todos os canceres, com elevadas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. As referidas neoplasias resultam de uma combinação de fatores, como: hereditariedade, exposição a substâncias químicas, hormônios, condições ambientais e ocupacionais, entre outros; e gera diversas consequências danosas ao paciente e aos seus familiares. Algumas formas de tratamento deste tipo de tumor requerem métodos que por vezes deixa o paciente e os familiares sob total responsabilidade dos cuidados paliativos de profissionais de saúde. A enfermagem, por ter seu caráter assistencialista e ser o campo profissional que tem maior contato com familiares e pacientes portadores da referida neoplasia, tem o papel de fazer abordagens e desenvolver ações diferenciadas para atender o supracitado público. Compreender o papel da Enfermagem nos cuidados dirigidos aos pacientes com tumores intracranianos. Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO, IBECS e Portal de Periódicos Capes, usando os descritores “Neoplasias Intracranianas”, “Tumores Encefálicos”, “Enfermagem”, e “Cuidados Paliativos”. Os critérios de inclusão foram: artigos completos publicados entre 2007 a 2016, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, e que se enquadrassem no tema escolhido. Foram localizados 64 periódicos, dos quais sete estavam de acordo com os critérios préestabelecidos para compor o presente estudo e, portanto, foram lidos na íntegra. Pacientes acometidos por tumores intracranianos apresentam um amplo quadro sintomatológico, como déficit cognitivo, convulsões, paralisias, problemas de locomoção e danos neurológicos permanentes. Além disso, os pacientes, principalmente aqueles com limitações motoras, podem desenvolver úlceras por pressão devido à inatividade física. Tais complicações fazem com que o paciente tenha uma brusca perda da qualidade de vida, e apresente altos níveis de dependência dos cuidados paliativos da enfermagem, o que torna o referido profissional uma parte fundamental durante o tratamento. Ele surge com o papel de realizar uma rigorosa anamnese seguida do exame físico, para estabelecer o grau de dependência que o paciente apresenta, além de fornecer informações sobre a patologia e prestar os serviços necessários de acordo com o estado patológico do doente. Entretanto, estudos apontam que, em alguns casos, o enfermeiro apresenta dificuldades na prestação de cuidados específicos ao paciente, tendo em vista as limitações clínicas da profissão, a falta de preparo e a necessidade de multiprofissionais em saúde. Embora seja de relevância uma equipe multiprofissional para tratamento e cuidados de pacientes com neoplasias intracranianas, exige-se que o enfermeiro esteja sempre se atualizando e se inteirando sobre conhecimentos na sua área de atuação. Se informar e se capacitar sobre novas tecnologias de cuidado, como home care, managed care e medicina alternativa, já que se trata do profissional mais diretamente ligado as diversas formas de auxílio ao paciente.

To analyze the effect of melatonin on liver of rats induced by streptozotocin diabetes

Silva G.S.F1; Andrade F.L2, Melo I3, Maia C.S4; Tenorio B.M5, Tenório F.C.A.M6
Hyperglycemia is the main feature of a group of metabolic diseases called diabetes mellitus. The pathophysiology of diabetes is directly related to pancreas and liver that is responsible for absorbing nutrients. To analyze the effect of melatonin on liver of rats induced by streptozotocin diabetes. The induction of diabetes was obtained by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and test to confirm diabetes was carried out during 3 and 7 days after application. The melatonin treatment was performed at a dose of 200 μg/100g of animal body weight by injection. Morphometry was performed from a graduated graticule in the same points where focused on the liver of the rats in each group located. morphometric, livers showed no significant differences. Research suggests that melatonin acts indirectly by altering the secretion of insulin. Therefore, it was concluded that melatonin may play a role in the effective treatment of diabetes, as can arrive to reduce liver damage caused by morbidity caused by streptozotocin.

PAPANICOLAU EXAMINATION IN WOMEN ASSISTED IN PUBLIC MATERNITY OF RECIFE

Mendonça, K.G1 Brandão, M.T1 Cedrim, M.R2 Anjos, F.B.R3 Ferreira Neto, J4. Jimenez, G.C4 Bastos, D.M.S4
In a large part of the population, pap smears are still the primary tool for screening cervical lesions. Cancer of the cervix is the third most frequent tumor in the female population. This study aims to make a survey about the performance of the examination in postpartum women, as well as to identify the profile of the incidence of this information pathology and the importance of the Pap smear for women's health in relation to prevention and their Consequences. Between September and November, the study evaluated the incidence profile of the Pap smear test in the city of Recife in women aged 16-35 years, identifying the periodicity of the test. Of the women who had done the exam, 75 % did so at the intersection of 1 to 3 years, this percentage should not be considered alarming if compared to the number of pregnant women in the research, but there is a need to return the attention to these Women of childbearing age. The interviewees commented on the difficulties of access to hospital networks because of distance, also for socioeconomic and cultural reasons.